8-13 September 2013
Asilomar, California
US/Pacific timezone

Cosmogenic activation of TeO2 in the neutrinoless double-beta decay experiment CUORE

11 Sep 2013, 19:30
2h 30m
Asilomar, California

Asilomar, California

Asilomar Conference Grounds, 800 Asilomar Avenue, Pacific Grove, CA 93950-3704
Poster Double Beta Decay Poster Session

Speaker

Barbara Wang (University of California, Berkeley)

Description

The Cryogenic Underground Observatory for Rare Events (CUORE) is an experiment that will search for the neutrinoless double-beta (0νββ) decay of 130Te. The CUORE detector, currently being constructed underground at the Gran Sasso National Laboratory in Italy, is an array of 988 high-resolution, low-background cryogenic bolometers. Each bolometer is comprised of a thermal sensor and a TeO2 crystal that serves as both a source and a detector of 0νββ decay. The 0νββ decay signature for 130Te is a peak at the Q-value 2528 keV. Observation of 0νββ decay requires that the background rate at the peak be ultra-low; CUORE is aiming for a rate less than 0.01 counts/keV/kg/y. Background-source identification and characterization are therefore extremely important. One source of background that is poorly characterized is activation of the TeO2 crystals by sea-level cosmic-ray neutrons. This process, known as cosmogenic activation, produces long-lived radioisotopes that can obscure the 0νββ decay peak. Existing cross-section data is insufficient to estimate this background; therefore an additional cross-section measurement has been performed in which a TeO2 target is irradiated with a neutron spectrum similar to that of cosmic-ray neutrons at sea-level. The cross-sections obtained have been combined with Monte Carlo simulations of the CUORE detector to estimate the cosmogenic activation background that will be present in CUORE. This work is supported by the U.S. Dept of Energy, Office of Defense Nuclear Nonproliferation (NA-22), LLNL under Contract DE-AC52-07NA27344, LBNL under Contract DE-AC02-05CH11231, and the Nuclear Forensics Graduate Fellowship from the U.S. Dept of Homeland Security under Grant Award Number 2012-DN-130-NF0001-02 (The views and conclusions contained in this document are those of the authors and should not be interpreted as necessarily representing the official policies, either expressed or implied, of the US Dept of Homeland Security).

Primary author

Barbara Wang (University of California, Berkeley)

Co-authors

Dr Alan Smith (Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory) Dr Eric Norman (University of California, Berkeley) Keenan Thomas (University of California, Berkeley) Dr Marisa Pedretti (Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory) Dr Nicholas Scielzo (Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory) Dr Stephen Wender (Los Alamos National Laboratory)

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