May 29, 2018 to June 3, 2018
Hyatt Regency Indian Wells Conference Center
US/Pacific timezone

Beta Decay Asymmetry Measurements with Trapped Atoms

May 30, 2018, 5:10 PM
20m
North Foyer | Kachina Room (Hyatt Regency Indian Wells Conference Center)

North Foyer | Kachina Room

Hyatt Regency Indian Wells Conference Center

44600 Indian Wells Lane, Indian Wells, CA 92210, USA

Speaker

Prof. Dan Melconian (Texas A&M University)

Description

Nuclear $\beta$ decay's long history of shaping and testing the Standard Model of particle physics continues to this day with elegant, ultra-precise low-energy nuclear measurements. Experiments observing the angular correlations between the electron, neutrino and recoil momenta following beta decay can be used to search for exotic currents contributing to the dominant (V-A) structure of the weak interaction. Precision measurements of the correlation parameters to <0.1% would be sensitive to (or meaningfully constrain) new physics, complementing other searches at large-scale facilities like the LHC. Atom traps provide an ideal source of very cold, short-lived isotopes in an extremely clean and open environment. As such, they are invaluable tools for precision measurements of beta-decay parameters. The TRIUMF Neutral Atom Trap (TRINAT) collaboration utilizes neutral atom-trapping techniques with optical pumping methods to highly polarize (>99%) $^{37}$K atoms. Recently, we determined the beta asymmetry parameter to 0.3%, which is comparable to or better than any other nuclear measurement, including the neutron. In terms of minimal left-right symmetric models, this implies a limit of >351 GeV for the mass of a possible right-handed $W$. Alternatively, one may interpret the result as a 4.4$\times$ better measurement of $V_{ud}$ from $^{37}$K. This talk will discuss using atom traps as a test of the electroweak interaction with particular emphasis on TRINAT's $^{37}$K program.
E-mail [email protected]
Collaboration name TRINAT
Funding source US Dept of Energy Award No. DE-FG03-93ER40773, the Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada, and the Israel Science Foundation

Primary author

Prof. Dan Melconian (Texas A&M University)

Co-authors

Dr A Gorelov (TRIUMF) Dr B Fenker (Texas A&M University) Prof. D Ashery (Tel Aviv University) Dr J Behr (TRIUMF) Ms M Anholm (University of Winnipeg)

Presentation materials