May 29, 2018 to June 3, 2018
Hyatt Regency Indian Wells Conference Center
US/Pacific timezone

Nucleon Form Factors in Dispersively Improved Chiral Effective Theory

Jun 2, 2018, 6:10 PM
South Foyer | Nopales Room (Hyatt Regency Indian Wells Conference Center)

South Foyer | Nopales Room

Hyatt Regency Indian Wells Conference Center

44600 Indian Wells Lane, Indian Wells, CA 92210, USA


Christian Weiss (Jefferson Lab)


We present a new method for calculating the nucleon electromagnetic form factors (EM FFs) combining Chiral Effective Field Theory (ChEFT) and dispersion analysis [1]. The FFs are expressed as dispersive integrals over the two-pion cut at timelike $t > 4 M_\pi^2$. The spectral functions are computed using elastic unitarity, chiral pion-nucleon amplitudes (LO, NLO, partial N2LO), and timelike pion FF data. The method effectively includes $\pi\pi$ rescattering effects and the $\rho$ resonance and leads to major improvements compared to traditional ChEFT calculations. Higher-mass isovector and isoscalar $t$-channel states are described by effective poles, whose strength is fixed by sum rules (charges, radii). We obtain excellent agreement with the spacelike proton and neutron FF data up to $Q^2 \sim 1$ GeV$^2$. We predict the values of the higher FF derivatives with minimal uncertainties and study their collective behavior (multiple dynamical scales, unnatural sizes). Our approach provides a FF parametrization with proper analyticity and theoretical uncertainty estimates, which can be used for analysis of low-$Q^2$ elastic scattering data and extraction of the proton radius [2]. [1] J.M. Alarcon, C. Weiss, Phys. Rev. C 97, 055203 (2018). [2] J.M. Alarcon, C. Weiss, arXiv:1803.09748 [hep-ph].
E-mail [email protected]

Primary author

Christian Weiss (Jefferson Lab)

Presentation materials