May 29, 2018 to June 3, 2018
Hyatt Regency Indian Wells Conference Center
US/Pacific timezone

Neutrino Burst-Generated Gravitational Radiation from Collapsing Supermassive Stars

Jun 1, 2018, 6:30 PM
East Foyer (Hyatt Regency Indian Wells Conference Center)

East Foyer

Hyatt Regency Indian Wells Conference Center

44600 Indian Wells Lane, Indian Wells, CA 92210, USA
Board: 14
Poster PNA Poster Session


Mr Jung-Tsung Li (UC San Diego)


We estimate the gravitational radiation signature of the $e^+e^-$ annihilation-driven neutrino burst accompanying the asymmetric collapse of an initially hydrostatic, radiation-dominated supermassive object suffering the Feynman-Chandrasekhar instability. An object with a mass $5\times10^4 \ \mathrm{M_{sun}} < M < 5\times10^5 \ \mathrm{M_{sun}}$, with primordial metallicity, is an optimal case with respect to the fraction of its rest mass emitted in neutrinos as it collapses to a black hole: lower initial mass objects will be subject to scattering-induced neutrino trapping and consequently lower efficiency in this mode of gravitational radiation generation; while higher masses will not get hot enough to radiate significant neutrino energy before producing a black hole. The optimal case collapse will radiate several percent of the star’s rest mass in neutrinos and, with an assumed small asymmetry in temperature at peak neutrino production, produces a characteristic linear memory gravitational wave burst signature. The timescale for this signature, depending on redshift, is $\sim$1 s to 10 s, optimal for proposed gravitational wave observatories like DECIGO. Using the response of that detector, and requiring a signal-to-noise ratio SNR $>5$, we estimate that collapse of a $5\times10^4 \ \mathrm{M_{sun}}$ supermassive star could produce a neutrino burst-generated gravitational radiation signature detectable to redshift $z < 7$. With the envisioned ultimate DECIGO design sensitivity, we estimate that the linear memory signal from these events could be detectable with SNR $>5$ to $z < 13$.
E-mail [email protected]

Primary author

Mr Jung-Tsung Li (UC San Diego)


Dr Chad Kishimoto (University of San Diego) Prof. George Fuller (University of California, San Diego)

Presentation materials