Jun 13 – 17, 2022
Berkeley, CA
US/Pacific timezone

Evidence of seniority conservation via lifetimes measurements in the N=50 isotones towards 100Sn

Jun 17, 2022, 10:10 AM
Berkeley, CA

Berkeley, CA

Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory
Oral Oral Presentations NS2022 Plenary


Rosa María Pérez Vidal


The experimental evidence of the seniority conservation is a direct evidence of the validity of the short-range pairing interaction, with far-reaching implications for nuclear structure in the validity of the BCS theory and therefore of the quasiparticle representation of the atomic nucleus [1]. In theory, this symmetry is preserved up to $j<=7/2$ and, contradictory experimental results exist for orbitals with larger angular momenta. In order to shed light on the open question of the seniority conservation in the proton $g_{9/2}$ orbital in the $N=50$ isotones, reduced transition probabilities in $^{90}$Zr, $^{92}$Mo and $^{94}$Ru nuclei, have been determined experimentally for the first time via lifetime measurements at the GANIL laboratory. The unconventional use of multi-nucleon transfer reaction [2] with a differential plunger device [3] allowed to measure lifetimes of the yrast low-spin states despite the presence of isomers in the proton-rich isotones. The required sensitivity to the lifetimes could only be achieved with the AGATA+VAMOS++ detection system [4,5].
The reduced transition probabilities for the $4^+\rightarrow 2^+$ and $2^+\rightarrow 0^+$ yrast transitions in $^{92}$Mo and $^{94}$Ru and for the $4^+\rightarrow 2^+$ and $6^+\rightarrow 4^+$ yrast transitions in $^{90}$Zr determined in this experiment will be discussed in this contribution and, the results, will be interpreted on the basis of realistic shell-model calculations in the $f_{5/2}$, $_{p3/2}$, $_{p1/2}$, $g_{9/2}$ proton valence space, where it emerges that seniority is conserved in the first $\pi g_{9/2}$ orbital [6]. The results are relevant as well in the understanding of the evolution of the nuclear effective interaction in the $Z=28$ isotopes towards $^{78}$Ni, located much further away from the stability line than the $N=50$ isotones.

[1] S. Cohen et al., Phys. Lett. 10, 195 (1964)
[2] R. Broda et al., Phys. Lett. B 251, 245 (1990)
[3] A. Dewald et al., Prog. Part. Nucl. Phys. 67, 786 (2012)
[4] S. Akkoyun, et al., Nucl. Instr. Meth. Phys. Res. A 668, 26 (2012)
[5] M. Rejmund, et al., Nucl. Instr. Meth. Phys. Res. A 646,184 (2011)
[6] R.M. Pérez-Vidal, et al. Submitted to Phys. Rev. Lett.

Primary authors

Rosa María Pérez Vidal Andres Gadea (CSIC IFIC ) César Domingo Pardo (IFIC-CSIC) Angela Gargano (INFN Complesso Universitario di Monte S. Angelo) and the AGATA,VAMOS++ and IKP plunger collaborations

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